Relevant Data


The district is bounded on the north by the Upper Denkyira East Municipal at the South by the Hemang Lower Denkyira District, at the West by the Mpohor Wassa East District and at the East by the Assin North Municipal 

Geology and soil

The land is underlined by Birimian and Tarkwaian rocks which are very rich in mineral. Diamond deposits can be found at Afiafiso and Manganese at Asamang and Twifo Mampong. Within the Pra River can be found Birimian and Tarkwaian rocks. These rocks
hold the potential for the exploitation of gold, and manganese. The bed of the River Pra has alluvial gold deposits which are currently being mined illegally by local galamsey operators to the detriment of rural communities who drink from the river. The District has five main soil types namely; the Nsaba-Swedru Compound, the Nta-Offin Associates, the Asuanzi-Kumasi Associates, the Bekwai-Nzema-Oda compound and the Juaso-Manso-Kyekyewere-Kakum Compound. The Nsaba-Swedru Compound: These are soils developed over granite that are well drained and respond well to phosphorus fertilizer application. They can be found in the northern part of the district around Mampoma, Morkwa, Agona and Nkwankyemaso. They are excellent for the cultivation of tree crops such as cocoa, oil palm, citrus, and coffee, and food crops such as plantain, cocoyam, banana, and cassava.

Nta-Offin Associates: These soils are developed over rocks which are poorly drained. They are found around Brofoyedur and Bukruso. They are generally suitable for the cultivation of tree crops such as citrus, cola and oil palm. In addition to the tree crops, these soils tend to 
support semi-perennial food crops, dry season vegetables, sugar cane, and rice. Asuanzi-Kumasi Associates: These are soils developed over Tarkwaian rocks, which are moderately drained and are good for the cultivation of tree crops such as cocoa and forestry products. These soils are found in the southern section of the District around Jukwa,Mampong, Ntafrewaso, Watreso and Krobo. They also support food crops such as plantain,cocoyam, maize, cassava and banana. They have low soil nutrients and require nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer usage. Leaching needs to be avoided.

Bekwai-Nzema-Oda compound: They are found around Bepobeng, Moseaso, Nyinase and Tweapease. These soils are suitable for the cultivation of perennial tree crops such as cocoa,oil palm, coconut, coffee and food crops such as maize, cassava, and cocoyam. Juaso-Manso-Kyekyewere-Kakum Compound: They can be found around Mafi, Bonsaho, Ashire, Mbraem Afiaso Mampoma and Wawase areas. These soils support perennial tree crops such as cocoa, oil palm, coconut, coffee and food crops including maize, cassava, and plantain.

Relief and drainage

The District has a generally undulating landscape with a general altitude between 60-200 meters above sea level. The Pra River and its tributaries serve as the major drainage system in the area.


The District falls within the semi equatorial climatic zone marked by double maximal rainfall with a total annual mean rainfall between 1,200mm and 2,000mm. The first rainy season spans from May to June with the heaviest in June while the second rainy season is from September to October (Dickson and Benneh, 2001). The main dry season is from November to February. It has fairly high uniform temperatures ranging between 26°C (in August) and 30°C (in March).

Vegetation and mineral deposit

Its vegetation consists basically of secondary forest that has been largely disturbed by the acitivites of man through logging, crop/livestock farming and mining among others. There are, however, large areas of forest reserves like, Bimpong Forest Reserve, Pra Suhyen Forest Reserve, Minta Forest Reserve and Bonsaben Forest Reserve with the bed of River Pra containing alluvial gold deposits, usually mined by galamsey operators.

Date Created : 12/4/2017 7:42:08 AM