The Central Gonja District is one of the 260 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) in Ghana, and forms part of the 7 MMDAs in the Savannah Region.

The Central Gonja District is located at the southern end of the Northern Region of Ghana. It covers a total land area of 8,353 Km2, representing 12% of the total landmass of the Northern Region. Buipe is the administrative capital.

The land form of the district is low lying but gently undulating at altitudes ranging between 150m to 300m above sea level though some parts average 600m.

The area is traversed by two major rivers - the White Volta, which flows longitudinally through the district, and the Black Volta, which forms the district’s southern boundary with the Kintampo North Municipal. A lot of streams crisscross the district and flow into the two Volta Rivers.

It shares boundaries in the north with the Tamale Metropolis, the Kintampo North Municipal of the Brong-Ahafo Region in the south, East Gonja Municipal in the east and the West Gonja District in the west.

The population of the District according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 87,877 with 43,860 males and 44,017 females.