The Ga Central Municipal is one of the 261 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) in Ghana, and forms part of the 29  MMDAs in the Greater Accra Region.

Ga Central Municipal with its capital Sowutuom was carved from Ga South Municipal and forms part of the new Districts and Municipalities created in the year 2012 and were inaugurated at their various locations simultaneously on the 28th June, 2012

The Ga Central Municipal Assembly (GCMA) lies within latitudes 5º 48´ north and within longitudes 0º 8´east and 0º 3´ West. It is one of the sixteen (16) Metropolitan/ Municipal/District Assemblies in the Greater Accra Region.

The Municipality covers a total land area of about 48.997 square kilometers. It was carved out of the then Ga South Municipal Assembly in the Greater Accra Region and was established by Legislative instrument 2135 (2012

The Municipality shares boundaries with Accra Metropolitan Assembly to the south, Ga West Municipal to the east and north, and Ga South Municipal to the west.

The population of the Municipality according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 117,220 with 57,321 males and 59,899 females.