The Atiwa West District is one of the 260 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies in Ghana and forms part of the thirty three 33 Municipalities and Districts in the Eastern Region. It was granted its present status by the Legislative Instrument (LI) 1784 of 2004.

It was carved from the then East Akim District Assembly now East Akim Municipal Assembly, in the year 2004. Its Capital is Kwabeng which is situated at the foot of the Atiwa Range.

The Atiwa District which covers a total area of 2,950 square kilometers and lie between longitudes O° 3? West and O° 50 East and latitudes 6° 10? North and 6° 30? North.  

The District is bounded on the north by Kwahu West Municipal and Kwahu South District, on the north-east by the Fanteakwa District, East Akim Municipal to the south-east, Kwaebibrim Municipal to the south and Birim North District to the west.

The strategic location of Atiwa West District, sharing boundaries with districts that are famous in agricultural production, provides an opportunity to develop agro processing facilities to make use of raw materials from these areas.

The large area under the jurisdiction of the District has implication for many small settlements whose population may not measure up to the population threshold for provision of certain socio-economic infrastructure.

And being a relatively new district it may also require enough financial resources to be able to close the infrastructure gap.

The population of the District according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 110,662 with 54,671 males and 55,951 females.