The Atwima Kwanwoma District is one of the 261 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) in Ghana, and forms part of the 43 of MMDAs in the Ashanti Region

The District Assembly was established by Legislative Instrument (L.I.) 1853 of November 2007 with Atwima Foase as its District capital when carved out of the former Bosomtwe Atwima Kwanwoma District.

The Twedie community disagreed with the selection of Atwima Foase as the district capital hence challenged the decision at Supreme Court. In May 2012, the Supreme Court ruled for change of Administrative Capital from Atwima Foase to Twedie. A new Legislative Instrument (L.I.) 2253 came into force in July 2017 by changing the District Administrative Capital from Atwima Foase to Twedie as a result of the Supreme Court ruling in May 2012, hence Twedie as the new District capital.

The Atwima Kwanwoma District is located in the central portion of Ashanti Region and has a total land size of 251.9 sq. km constituting 1.03% of the total land area of Ashanti region (24, The District Capital, Atwima Twedie is approximately 18 kilometres from Kumasi.

The District is bounded to the north by Kwadaso Municipal, east by Bosomtwe District, west by Atwima Nwabiagya Municipal and south-west by Amansie West District.

The population of the District according to the 2021 Population and Housing Census stands at 234,846 with 114,123 males 120,723 females.