The Saboba District is one of the 261 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) in Ghana, and forms part of the 16 MMDAs in the Northern Region.

The district was carved out of the then East Dagomba District In 1988, in pursuance of the Government’s Decentralisation and Local Government Reform policy, with Saboba as the district Administrative  capital.

It is located on the north-eastern corner of the Northern Region and lies between Latitudes 24o and 25 o north, Longitudes 27o and 13 o east, covering a total land area of approximately 1,751.2km².

The District is bounded by Chereponi District to the north, Tatale Sanguli District to the south, Yendi Municipal and Gushegu Municipal to the west. On the east, is the River Oti, which serves as the international boundary between Ghana and the Republic of Togo.

The population of the District according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 65,706 with 32,320 males and 33,386 females.