The Saboba District is one of the 261 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) in Ghana, and forms part of the 16 MMDAs in the Northern Region.

The district was carved out of the then East Dagomba District In 1988, in pursuance of the Government’s Decentralisation and Local Government Reform policy, with Saboba as the district Administrative  capital.

It is located on the north-eastern corner of the Northern Region and lies between Latitudes 24o and 25 o north, Longitudes 27o and 13 o east, covering a total land area of approximately 1,802 km².

The District is bounded by Chereponi District to the north, Tatale Sanguli District to the south, Yendi Municipal and Gushegu Municipal to the west. On the east, is the River Oti, which serves as the international boundary between Ghana and the Republic of Togo.

The population of the District according to 2021 population and housing census stands at 95,683 with 47,172 males and 48,511 females.