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AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

Introduction

The agriculture sector is very important in the country?s economy as it contributes up to (22.7%) of GDP and employs more than half of the workforce, mainly small landholders (GSS 2012). Data was collected on households in farming activities during the 2010 PHC. Specific questions such as types of crops cultivated and tree crops grown, type of cropping; livestock rearing and fish farming were asked. During the 2010 PHC, agriculture household was used in reference to household members who are engaged in agricultural activities, including the cultivation of crops or tree planting, rearing of livestock or breeding of fish for sale or family consumption.

This chapter analyses data on the agricultural activities in the district with prime focus on households engaged in agriculture. Agriculture plays a vital role in the socio-economic development of the district and region at large. The agricultural sector comprises of crops, livestock, fisheries, agro forestry and non-traditional commodities.


Households in Agriculture

Figure 7.1 shows the distribution of households in agriculture by type of locality in the Upper West Akim District. Households engaged in agriculture in the district is 15,014 (74%) of the total households in agriculture. More than half (52.5%) of the urban households are engaged in agricultural activities compared to a higher percentage of (82.5%) of the rural households who are engaged in agricultural activities.


Types of Agricultural Activity

Agricultural activities identified during the 2010 PHC are crop farming, tree growing, livestock farming and fish farming (Table 7.1). Data collected on these areas of agriculture in the district shows that 15,014 households in the district are engaged in one type of agricultural activity or the other. Table 7.1 shows that, (96.3%) of the agricultural households are in crop farming. This makes crop farming the most common type of agricultural activity in the district.

The percentages of tree planting and fish farming are below one percent. Almost (40%) of agricultural households are engaged in livestock rearing making it the second common type of agricultural activity after crop farming in the Upper West Akim District. Similar differences are observed in types of agricultural activity by types of locality (97.1%) of households in agricultural activity are into crop farming in the rural areas. As little as (0.1%) of rural households in agricultural activity are into fish farming.

Type of livestock, and other animals reared

Table 7.2 shows the types of livestock reared in the Upper West Akim District and their numbers. A total of 154,124 livestock are reared in the district. Among the ruminants, 29,821 goats representing (19.3%) of the total livestock are reared in the district followed by sheep (9.4%) and cattle (2.5%). The highest type of livestock kept in the district is chicken (60.5%).

Another farming activity which is becoming common in the district is fish farming which accounted for (4.2%). About 47 (46.7%) of the number of livestock keepers rear chickens in the district while 32.9 percent and 12.6 percent keep goats and sheep respectively. The total average animal per keeper for all livestock in the district is 16. Fish farming accounted for the highest average animal per keeper which is 466 compared to the average animal per keeper for snail which is 34.



Date Created : 11/27/2017 5:53:29 AM