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AGRICULTURAL SECTOR

Introduction

Agriculture, as earlier discussed in chapter one is the largest economic activity in the district. It also serves as the major source of employment for majority of the inhabitants of the district. This chapter discusses the characteristics of agricultural households. An agricultural household refers to a situation where at least, one person in the household is engaged in any type of farming activity, namely crop farming, tree growing, livestock rearing and fish farming (GSS, 2012). Data collected by the 2010 PHC on agriculture are household-based. 7.2 Households in Agriculture shows that about 4 out of 10 (36.5%) of the household are engaged in agriculture. More households in the rural areas (47.9%) are engaged in agriculture than in the urban areas (29.9%).

Types of Farming Activities

Among the agricultural households, majority (84.2%) are engaged in crop farming, while 46.4 percent are into livestock rearing. Only 0.3 percent of households in the district are engaged in tree planting and 0.1 percent into fish farming. More households in the rural areas are engaged in both Crop farming and livestock rearing than it is in urban areas. No household in the rural areas is into fish farming. (Refer to Figure 7.1)

Type of livestock and other Animals Reared


A total of 141,054 livestock are recorded to be reared by 7,611 people in the Sagnarigu District. (Table 7.2). This translates into an average of 19 animals per keeper. From the information presented in Table 7.2, chicken (52,233), followed by sheep (27,085) are the most commonly reared livestock in the district. Goat rearing is also quite popular and recorded 24,943 animals during the 2010 PHC. Guinea fowl and cattle are next in line with 15,934 and 14,413 birds and animals recorded to be reared in the district. Each of the remaining livestock as shown in  less than 1,000 of its kind reported to be reared in the district.

Interestingly, only one person was engaged in fishing in the district. Fishing is followed by beehives with 53 per head, dove keeping (47 per head), grass cutter rearing (33 per head), cattle rearing (28 per head) and guinea fowl keeping (27 per head).

This means that for most of the livestock particularly chicken, there are many people involved to the extent that the average number of animals or birds kept per person is quite small. It is thus clear that most of these livestock are not reared on a large scale.



Date Created : 11/21/2017 5:34:08 AM