Cultural Heritage


The region consists mainly of Akans (Fantis) who constitute 81.7 percent of the population. The other ethnic groups in the Region are Ewes (6.2%) and Guans (5.3%). In six districts,Akans make up over 90 percent; the highest proportions are in Asikuma-Odoben-Brakwa (98.4%) and Gomoa West (97.4%). Two districts need special mention regarding their ethnic composition. Ewutu-Effutu is the language spoken by the indigenous people of Awutu, Senya, and Winneba.

The Effutus are Guans therefore in Effutu district, the largest ethnic group is the Guan who constitutes 58.5 percent of the population. Similarly, in Ewutu Senya, 28.5 percent are Guans and 17.4 percent are Ewes. The sizeable Ewe community in Effutu-Senya may be linked with fishing. About one in ten persons in Agona East (10.0%) and Assin North Municipal (10.2%) are Ewes. In the farming districts, there are Ewes, Ga Adangbes and other ethnic groups from the north who are engaged in agricultural work in cocoa and oil palm plantations.


The Christian religion is categorized into four: Catholic, Protestant, Pentecostal-Charismatic and other Christians. At the regional level the largest religious group is the Pentecostal-Charismatic who constitute 29.8 percent of the population. The Protestants represent 21.0 percent and the Catholics 11.1 percent. Other Christian groups constitute 21.4percent of the population. Muslims are 8.6 percent of the population in Central region. About seven percent of the population (6.6%) have no religion.

Although the size of the proportions vary, the pattern at the regional level is replicated across the districts. In all the districts, except Ajumako-Enyan-Essiam, the largest religious group is the Pentecostal-Charismatic group. In six districts, Pentecostal-Charismatics form about one-third of the population. These are Ewutu Senya (36.1%), Agona West (35.5%), Effutu (34.1%), Gomoa East (34.0%), Assin South (32.3%) and Twifo-Hemang-Lower Denkyira (32.0%). Some districts in Central region are noted for the existence of Pentecostal healing and deliverance prayer camps.

The districts with a long history of contact with the Europeans have a high proportion of Catholics and Protestants. The three districts with the largest proportions of Protestants are Cape Coast (28.3%), Ajumako-Enyan-Essiam (27.0%) and Mfantsiman (25.1%). The districts with the largest proportion of Catholics are Komenda-Edina-EguafoAbirem (18.2%), Cape Coast (17.8%) and Upper Denkyira West (16.4%). The higher concentrations of Catholics and Protestants in Cape Coast, Mfantsiman and Komenda-Edina-Eguafo-Abirem may be attributed to the early contact with missonaries. Across districts, the largest proportions of Muslims are found in Ewutu Senya (13.5%), Upper Denkyira East (10.9%) and Gomoa East (10.7%).


Central Region is steeped in history. There are castles and other monuments that attract tourists and other travellers who wish to discover the historical links between Africa and the Americasand Europe originating from the trans-Atlantic slave trade. This region is known as "the heartbeat of Ghana tourism" because of its pivotal role in the development of tourism in the country, and its wealth of beaches, forts and castles and festivals. The main dishes of the the costal part of Central Region is "dorkunu" or kenkey with fish and gravy.

The coastline is famous for its ancient forts and castles built by early European traders, and three of them, two at Elmina and St. Jago and one in Cape Coast have been identified as World Heritage Monuments by the World heritage Foundation under UNESCO. The Region is also famous for its palm-fringed beaches, fascinating fishing villages and historic towns, and rich natural attractions. Kakum National Park, just 30 kilometres north of Cape Coast, is the foremost nature reserve in Southern Ghana.

 Almost untouched virgin rainforest has been preserved as a habitat for birds, butterflies and rare local animals. It has excellent walking tours (and a canopy walkway) through the forest. The other popular tourist attraction in the region is the Elmina Castle. Built in 1482, it is said to be the oldest European-built structure in black Africa and is rated as one of the World’s Heritage Sites. It was built by the Portuguese strategically located for their trading.

 Traditional Fishing and craft Villages and Towns

Along the coast of the Central Region is a succession of busy fishing villages and traditional market towns that reflect the distinct cultures of the region. Of particular interest are Winneba,famous for its fishing fleet, masquerade festival and local ceramics and Mankessim well known for its busy market.

The villages of the Central Region are famed for their traditional crafts. They all make great souvenirs for tourists to the Central Region. Particularly important villages are: Winneba - beautiful and unusual ceramics; Gomoa-Otsew-Jukwa - village of pottery makers and Bobikuma - rattan products.

The Cape Coast Castle was the headquarters of British merchants and the seat of government until 1877. It now houses the West African Historical Museum where exhibits range from the pre Gold Coast period to the mid-19th Century. The dark underground dungeons where the slaves were held and the auction halls are places of great importance to most African-Americans because of the nostalgia they evoke. It was visited by President Barak Obama, the first African-American president of the United States in 2009.



Date Created : 11/29/2017 2:21:04 AM