The region can be broadly divided into two: the coast, which consists of undulating plains with isolated hills and occasional cliffs characterized by sandy beaches and marsh in certain areas and the hinterland, where the land rises between 250 metres and 300 metres above sea level.
The region lies within the dry equatorial zone and the moist semi – equatorial zone. Annual rainfall ranges from 1,000 mm along the coast to about 2000 mm in the interior. The wettest months are May - June and September – October while the drier period occurs in December – February and a brief period in August. The Mean monthly temperature ranges from 24oC in the coolest month (August) to about 30oC in the hottest months (March – April).
Along the coast can be found coastal savannah with grassland and few trees while semi-deciduous forest predominate the inland areas. Much of the original dense forest vegetation has been cleared for the cultivation of cocoa and oil palm.
The region is endowed with rich natural resources like: gold, beryl and bauxite in the Upper Denkyira District; petroleum and natural gas at Saltpond; kaolin in the Mfantsiman district; diamond at Nwomaso, Enikokow, Kokoso all in the Asikuma – Odoben – Brakwa District; clay including pigment clay in all the districts; tantalite and columbite at Nyanyano in the Awutu – Effutu – Senya District; quartz, muscovite; and other minerals like mica, granite, feldspar as well as timber in all the forest areas; rich fishing grounds along the coast; forests and rich arable land.
Date Created : 11/29/2017 2:13:26 AM