Persons with disability as defined in the 2010 Population and Housing Census are those who are unable to perform specific tasks/activities or are restricted in their performance due to loss of function of some part of the body as a result of impairment or malformation. The development of a nation depends on the important contributions of not only a segment of the population but on the collective contribution of every individual, including Persons with Disabilities (PWDs). To this extent, government and civil society organizations in recent years have made progress in addressing disability issues, resulting in some positive gains in improving the lives of PWDs in the country. For instance the government has enacted the Disability Act (2006), Act 715 to address issues of high poverty among PWDs due to low levels of education and lack of employable skills; inaccessibility to public transport; and unfriendly environmental facilities such as the widespread absence of ramps for PWDs and uncovered drains and gutters.
Population with Disability
The 2010 PHC responses to disability questions were based on multiple responses and as a result, some of the proportions may not add up to 100.0 percent. From Table 6.1, a total of 1,743 persons with disability were recorded in the Kwahu Afram Plains North District representing 1.7 percent of the total population in the district. The male population 1,008 (1.9%) and female 735 (1.5%) have some form of disability. By locality, the urban disability population is 283 (2.0%) made of (2.1%) male and (1.9%) female compared to the rural disability population of 1,460 (1.7%) comprising 859 males and 601 females.
Information was collected on persons with visual/sight impairment, hearing and speech impairment, physical disability, mental retardation, emotional challenges or behavioural disorders and other challenges.
Table 6.1 shows that sight disability recorded the highest proportion (37.0%) of persons with disability, followed by physical (24.1%) and emotional disability (19.2%). The other forms of disabilities are hearing (18.1%), intellectual (16.9%), speech (15.8%) and others (11.9%).
Out of a total male (disabled) population of 1008, 37.3 percent has sight disability, compared to physical (23.1%), emotional (19.5%), intellect (18.3%), speech (18.0%), hearing (17.1%) and others (11.7%).
The female disabled population (735) in the district has sight (36.6%) as the highest proportion compared to physical (25.4%), hearing (19.6%), emotional (18.8%), intellect (15.0%), speech (12.8%) and others (12.1%).
Figure 6.1 shows the percentage distribution of the population by type of disability. It shows that sight disability is the commonest disability in the district.
Distribution by Type of Locality
Figure 6.2 shows the distribution of disability by type of locality. It is observed that, the proportions of persons with sight (36.7%), physical (23.7%) and intellectual (16.2%) disabilities are higher in the urban areas while sight (37.1%), physical (24.2%) and emotional (19.8%) disabilities are higher in the rural areas.
Disability and Economic Activity
Table 6.2 presents the economic activity status of persons with disability by sex for persons 15 years and older. For all types of disability in the district, a total population of 1,435 is disabled. 69.0 percent of disabled persons in the district are economically active with the rest (31.0%) being economically inactive. Within the disabled economically active population,
almost one percent (0.9%) is in the unemployed class with 99.1 percent of economically active population employed. For both sexes, 1.1 percent of the physically disabled persons are unemployed compared to 98.1 percent who are employed. The table also shows 23.1 percent of the population with hearing disability is economically not active.
Table 6.2 further indicates that there is a total of 29,428 males representing 51.8 percent compared to 27,411 females representing 48.2 percent. The percentage for disabled males who are employed is 99.3 percent compared to 98.7 percent of disabled females who are employed). Similarly, disabled males who are unemployed compared to disabled females who are unemployed females are 0.7 and 1.3 percent respectively in the district.
Among the male population, persons with sight disability recorded 39.2 percent employed, 50.0 percent unemployed and 32.1 percent economically inactive. For hearing disability 17.4 percent is economically not active while 0.0 percent and 10.1 percent are employed and unemployed respectively. The remaining forms of disability (physical, intellectual, speech, emotional and others) cumulatively account for less than 60.0 percent employed, 1.0 percent unemployed and about 90.0 percent economically inactive.
Female persons with sight disability recorded 40.1 percent employed, 40.0 percent unemployed and 30.0 percent economically inactive. Also, persons with hearing disability recorded, 19.8 percent employed, 0.03 percent unemployed and 2.6 percent economically inactive.
Disability, Education and Literacy
Table 6.3 shows population 3 years and older by sex, disability type and level of education in the district. The total disabled persons 3 years and older is 1,700 with (57.4%) male and (42.6%) female. Of the disabled persons in the district, 38.9 percent have never attended school, 42.1 with basic education and only 5.8 with Sec/SHS and higher in the district. The table reveals that 65 percent of persons who have never been to school are with speech disability whiles 43.7 percent who have basic education are with sight disability.
With respect to the sex, males constituting 58.8 percent who have never been to school have speech disability as against 46.8 percent who have never been to school have sight disability in the district. Again 11.8 percent males with Sec/SHS and higher education have physical disability. With respect to females the situation is not different, in that the table shows that 76.3 percent females with speech disability have never been to school, 39.4 percent with sight disability have basic education whiles 2.7 percent with physical disability are having Sec/SHS and higher education in the district.
Date Created : 11/26/2017 1:41:32 AM