The East Gonja Municipal is one of the 254 Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) in Ghana, and forms part of the 28 MMDAs in the Northern Region.

The East Gonja Municipal was created by a legislative instrument (LI 1938) in 2007. Salaga, is the administrative capital. It is located at the South-eastern section of the Northern Region of Ghana. The Municipality lies within Latitude 8 oN & 9.29oN and, Longitude 0.29E & 1.26oW.

It shares boundaries with the Mion District and the Tamale Metropolitan Assembly to the north, Central Gonja District to the west, Nanumba North Municipal, Nanumba South District and Kpandai Municipal to the east, and the Brong-Ahafo Region to the south.

The population of the Municipal according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 135,450 with 69,721 males and 65,729 females.