The water and sanitation status of the district is generally low.
Less than 50% of the populace has access to safe water namely treated water, boreholes and hand dug wells. As at December 2005, 47,682 representing 45% of the population had access to save water. This situation aggravates the guinea worm situation explained above. The save water sources are 179 boreholes, 44No. HDW (a few have pumps), and 6No communities enjoying treated water from Ghana Water Company Limited namely Savelugu, Janjori-Kukuo, Kanshegu, Duko, Diare and Sahakpalugu . Table 7 in the pdf file attached depicts potable water situation.
Two small town systems have been completed and would soon be put in use at Nanton and Diare. A Mechanised system is commissioned at Kpatuli.
Similar to water, sanitation is poor in the district. Less than 20% of the population have access to safe excreta disposal. Sanitation facilities include VIP toilets, septic tank and communal KVIP. As at December 2005, 16,106 representing 15.2% of the population had access to save excreta disposal. A few communities and households have waste disposal sites and soakaways. The poor sanitation situation is further aggravated by inadequate environmental health staffing in the district. The unit is made up of 19 staff.
Key Problems/Constraints on Water and Sanitation
1. Inadequate environmental health staff
2. Management of public toilets
3. Attitudinal change
4. Inadequate Logistical support to environmental health personnel
Table 8 in pdf file attached depicts water and sanitation in the district.
Refer to pdf file for tables