Administrative, Institutional and Legal Arrangements
The analysis of the existing district and sub-district structures revealed weaknesses in the administrative machinery and institutional structures of the East Akim District and this is seen to have adverse effect on the delivery capability of the institutions involved in the implementation of the plan. Specific areas where significant weaknesses exist are the District Assembly, decentralised departments, Private Sector Development and the collaborative efforts of the socio-political organisations (including the NGOs).
This section of the implementation deals with the interventions required to bring administrative efficiency and productivity in all sectors of the local economy and by and large improve administrative capability and cost-effective coordination among all departments and sections of the society.
The decentralisation process, development planning system and the legal frameworks of the local government system of Ghana was to facilitate integrative development, promote institutional harmony and enhance local community initiative in the socio-economic development process. This indicates that the District Assemblies are the local planning authorities entrusted with all facets of local governance and development control.
This is done with the co-corporation of all departments and agencies in the district. The implication is that the DA should be in a position to mobilise adequate resources wherever possible to facilitate its development. However, given the uncertainties in the external sources of assistance it is important that the district mobilises resources largely from local resource base.
The way forward in this respect is to re-structure the development partners as follows: The East Akim District Assembly(EADA)
The EADA, like all other DAs performs the role of local governance in the best interest of the people and the nation as a whole. To be in a position to execute its functions effectively, the EADA should strengthen the DPCU and build the capacity of the other departments and committees to ensure that the requisite staff and resources exist to facilitate the implementation of the plan.
Sources of the EADA finance include DACF, locally generated revenues, subventions from central government and borrowing under the provisions of section 88 of Act 462. It is however appropriate that for the smooth implementation of the second MTDP, the district mobilises most resources from the local resources base. The EADA could do this through:
- generating and providing resources and logistics for the implementation of the projects;
- promoting close coordination among all agencies and establish a working partnership between the private sector and NGOs and the public sectors
- Sourcing and attracting investments into the district
- Creating an environment to maximise community participation in plan implementation; and
- Providing the technical leadership with specific reference to plan implementation and possible revision within the changing socio-economic circumstances.
The central government has over the years taken a keen interest in the district development due primarily to the fact that the development parameters of the district should conform to the national development agenda. For this reason central government transfers in respect of wages and salaries and ceded revenue as a source of development funding for the district should continue and be increased. Release of such funds should be done on regular basis and on schedule.