The district falls within the Voltarian Basin and the Southern Voltarian Plateau physiographic regions. The Voltarian Basin is made up of flat-bedded rocks and is extremely plain with rolling and undulating land surface with an elevation of between 60-150metres above sea level.
The Southern Voltarian Plateau occupying the Southern and South-eastern part of the district is characterised by series of escarpments. Many rivers and streams drain the district.
The major ones are River Pumpum, River Oyoko, River Nante and River Tanti. These rivers flow to join the Black Volta. Most of the rivers are intermittent in nature and thus fluctuate in volume.
These features of the rivers make them unreliable for irrigation purposes with the exception of River Nante, which offer opportunities for irrigation.
Other features of the rivers are swallow holes on River Oyoko on the road between Krabonso and Anyima and the waterfalls on River Odum near Kokuma, which flows to join River Tanti. The extensive plains also augur well for road construction, settlement design and offers opportunities for mechanized farming.