Kwahu West Municipal forms part of the twenty six (26) Municipalities and Districts in the Eastern Region of Ghana. The Municipality lies between latitudes 6°30’ North, and 7° North and longitudes 0°30’ West and 1° West of the equator, covering an area of about 414 square kilometers. The Municipality was established by Legislative Instrument (L.I) 1870 .The Administrative Municipal capital, Nkawkaw, is located about 241 kilometers North-West of Accra. The Municipal is bounded to the north by the Kwahu South District, to the West by Asante-Akim South District. To the East, it is bounded by the Fanteakwa District and to the south by Birim North and Atiwa Districts. It has a total land area of 414km2.
The population of the municipality according to 2010 population and housing census stands at 93,584 with 44,875 males and 48,709 females.